Bone Grafting

Bone Grafting

Losing a tooth is more complex than anyone thinks, as it typically signifies a deteriorating bone in the jaw. Due to the bone loss, the tooth roots are no longer in place to stimulate the jaw and help to keep it healthy. Therefore, it is often necessary to execute a bone graft before considering dental implants. A dental implant, also known as an endosseous implant or fixture, is a surgical component that connects to the jawbone or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, denture, or facial prosthesis, or to act as an orthodontic anchor. A bone graft replaces or increases bone density in areas where the bone has deteriorated. Dr. Daniel Choi can determine if a bone grafting procedure is necessary before your dental implant placement.

There are a few different dental bone graft options for patients with missing or loose teeth.

Autogenous Graft

In this procedure, Dr. Choi will transfer bone tissue from another part of the body, usually from the chin, to increase the bone density in the area in need. Extracting from the patient’s body lessens the chance of infection. The steps are as follows:

  1. Dr. Choi numbs the necessary areas.
  2. The doctor makes a small slit in the gum tissue to determine how much bone is necessary.
  3. He makes a second slit in the gum tissue by the lower front teeth to access bone from the chin.
  4. The doctor then removes the bone and marrow and stitches the slit.
  5. The doctor places the donor material into the jaw area in need using dental screws.
  6. Before closing the slit, the doctor may use additional grafting material to promote healing.

Allograft

The bone material is not from the patient’s body, but rather from a bank. All donor materials go through a full screening and examination to ensure the utmost safety for the recipient.

Xenograft

This involves using animal bone material to increase bone density in the jaw, usually from an animal of the cattle group. As with an allograft, the donor materials undergo rigorous screening procedures before ever being introduced to a patient.

Before and After Surgery

Antibiotics are necessary before and after the procedure, and pain medication can help ease the pain. After the surgery, the gums will soften, so only soft foods are acceptable until the gums start healing. Dental implants are an option in an estimated six to nine months after the bone graft procedure.

If you have loose or missing teeth, and you are considering dental implants in McKinney, TX, call Dr. Choi for a consultation.

Periodontist Dr. Daniel Choi gives patients the newest in periodontal therapies and dental implant placement. He offers advanced laser gum surgery, dental implants, All-on-4 dental implants, gum grafting, bone grafting, and sedation options.